Yesterday my dearest Siduction made me dist-upgrade to latest Linux kernel 3.10. I must admit I was a bit afraid at first (you know, running a kernel sooooo recent on a Debian box always smells "atypical"...) but I was confident enough in the GRUB power to take the risk.
Microsoft Exchange Server is a mail server, calendaring software and contact manager. It runs on Windows Server and it is one of the main elements present into a Microsoft infrastructure. It often happens that one of the first requirements of an identity manager project is to integrate Microsoft Exchange in order to manage, into the global/centralized user workflow, mailboxes and mail contacts as well.
Windows PowerShell is a command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration. Its cmdlets let you manage computers and all server-side Microsoft applications (e.g. Exchange, SharePoint, FileServer, Active Directory, ...).
Apache Syncope can manage users on external LDAP directory server since almost the beginning, via ConnId's LDAP connector.